The move, popularized by South Korean Olympic champion Choi Min-ho, involves the judoka grabbing his opponent before he turns around and throws himself on his back. Before the start of the qualification process, some small revisions were made to the IBSA judo rules, which will be valid until the end of the Paris 2024 Paralympic Games. The new rules will be introduced at the Odivelas Grand Prix from 28 to 30 January in Portugal. Many judo fans expressed their frustration on social media and demanded clarification on the decision. The principle of the rules is to protect athletes and the sport as a whole, while promoting judo in order to be more dynamic and attractive to the public and the media. The first annual judo competition began a few years earlier, in 1884, called the Red and White Contests. The Red and White tournament is still held annually in the Kodokan and is now the oldest competitive event in the world. Jigoro Kano had studied wrestling rules and practical experience of jujutsu fighting, so he developed a set of rules to guide the competition. This photo shows a draft of the rules for the first Kodokan Red and White competition. According to Roy Inman`s Contest Judo (1987), Dai Nippon Butokukai under the leadership of Jigoro Kano banned finger, toe, wrist and ankle strands in jujutsu/judo competitions in 1899. In 1916, Ashi Garami (knee entanglement, twisted knee lock) and Dojime (trunk/kidney contusion, performed by body scissors) were banned by the Kodokan. Apparently, there have been a number of serious injuries resulting from the use of these techniques. Joint lock attacks in judo competitions were not limited to the elbow until 1925.
Over the years, other rules have been created to ensure the safety of participants. Until the 1970s, the rules granted ippon to lift an opponent lying on his back to a level of your shoulders. This rule was later dropped to avoid the possibility of dropping a participant from such a height. Another safety rule was the banning of Kani Basami (flying scissors) after Yasuhiro Yamashita suffered a broken ankle due to technique that threatened his participation in the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles (where he won the gold medal). In this detailed video, Neil Adams, Olympic medallist, world champion and now IJF Refereeing Supervisor, explains in detail all the rules that are mainly observed during the Odivelas Grand Prix in Portugal from 28 to 30 September. January and until the 2024 Olympic Games in Paris. The rules of judo competition have changed a lot in the last 120 years. In the beginning, Kodokan Judo was considered a form of Jujutsu and competitions were held in the old Jujutsu style. One of the first participants in these games, Sakujiro Yokoyama, was quoted as saying: “At the time, the competitions were extremely difficult and often cost the lives of the participants.
Every time I started witnessing one of these cases, I invariably said goodbye to my parents, because I had no certainty that I would ever come back alive. Games between different schools of jujutsu were common, and the Kodokan took part in many such fights. Kano wrote in his memoirs: “It seemed that the Kodokan had to face all of Japan and have the mind to be ready for anything.” In 1886, a famous tournament was organized by the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department between the relatively new Kodokan Judo and the Totsuka-ha Yoshin-ryu Jujutsu. It was a turning point for judo. In 15 fights lasting up to an hour, Kodokan Judo proved his dominance and secured his future. The official rules of the International Judo Federation (IJF) regarding the provision of medical treatment and the proper management of illness or injury situations are relatively long and complicated, as the exact nature and cause of an injury itself can influence the allocation of the game, and because some types of medical treatment are received but others are not. ends the game automatically. This last fact makes it necessary for medical companions at judo games to have a glimpse of this rather complex aspect of the rules of judo. The medical team is not allowed to enter the combat zone without the permission of the mat judge, and if a participant receives medical treatment, he automatically loses the fight. Nosebleeds, for example, cannot be treated by the medical team; The participant must repair it himself with equipment provided by the medical team. The correct procedure is to stuff cotton balls into the nostrils while applying tape around the head.
If a participant is rendered unconscious without suffocation technique and cannot wake up, the medical team must take immediate action and cannot wait for the participant`s approval. He automatically loses the match. A participant can ignore the injuries he has and continue to fight. This assumes that it does not make the opponent uncomfortable, for example bleeding an opponent can result in penalties. If an attempt has been made to stop the bleeding three times without effect, the game expires. In 1974, the smaller yuko and coke scores were added, and for the first time a penalty (shido) for passivity was introduced to prevent strangulation. In 2009, the coke score was eliminated and the first shido became a warning that did not count as a score for the opponent. Studies have shown that very few participants escaped from a pin (osaekomi) in the last seconds, so in 2000 the rules were changed to award a win for a 25-second stop, instead of the previous 30 seconds. In modern times, many other changes have been made to punishments related to griffin and non-combat preparation to encourage exciting actions. “These new rules will come into effect in early 2022, by 2024.” Due to the pandemic situation, the Olympic cycle in Paris will last three years and the rules of the referee will therefore be adapted to present judo at its best. Inspired by the intention of the All Japan Judo Federation to host the 1st World Judo Championship in Tokyo in 1956, the Kodokan-Judo competition regulations were formulated and written around 1948, with the official translation into English.
If you want to know more about the evolution of the rules of judo competition, you might be interested in these official rules from the International Judo Federation (IJF): The International Judo Federation (IJF) has announced a new set of rules designed to help protect athletes and “modernize” the sport ahead of the 2024 Olympic Games in Paris. January 28, 2022 / Alongside the new arbitration rules, implemented. Although many modern rules have been adopted for safety reasons, other changes have been made to maintain fairness in games, promote measures, make judo more spectator-friendly and for other reasons. For example, judo matches originally had no time limit, then in the 1950s and 1960s, the rules required a maximum of 20 minutes, and in the 1970s, the world championship final lasted up to 15 minutes. However, as judo became more popular, playing times had to be reduced to the current limit of 5 minutes. Judo competitions usually have safety rules regarding age: chokes are prohibited before a certain age (usually 13), and armbars are prohibited before a certain age (usually 16 years). The head jump has been classified as a dangerous move, with the judoka receiving disqualification from fighting for committing the offense, while athletes are punished if two elbows or hands touch the ground at the same time when they fall backwards. Other rule changes include athletes who receive a shido if they tie or adjust their judogi or hair more than once.
The Japan Judo Federation recognized the “Kodokan Judo Competition Rules” published by the Kodokan, and the International Judo Federation (IJF) also adopted these rules when it was founded in 1951. The creation of the IJF and the rules of international competition were necessary because judo prepared for the first World Championships in 1956 and participation in the 1964 Olympic Games. This has led to a growing international influence on the rules. A major change in judo was the introduction of weight classes for the 1964 Olympics. Until then, the World Championships were open to all weights in one category, but from the Tokyo Olympics, 3 weight categories (-68 kg, -80 kg, +80 kg) were introduced in addition to the open category. The categories were expanded to 6 (including an open weight class) by subsequent Olympics and again expanded to 8 categories for the 1980 Olympics.