Note: State laws can always change through the passage of new laws, decisions in higher courts (including federal decisions), voting initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most up-to-date information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to review the state laws you are seeking. The main provisions of Ohio`s gun control laws are listed in the table below. Ohio`s gun laws are complex, and federal law also includes gun control laws. If you want to make sure your possession of a firearm doesn`t break the law, or if you`re charged with a gun offense, you should talk to an experienced defense attorney in Ohio. It`s really easy. Close the action on your firearm, then drop a wooden stud or cleaning rod into the barrel until it touches the surface of the bolt or shutter. Mark the outside of the stem or stud at the end of the initial crown or device. Do not measure to the end of a muzzle device you may have on your barrel if you can remove it. If the muzzle device is firmly mounted on the barrel, you must include it in the measurement. Remove the rod, then measure from the mark to the end of the stem.
This is the total length of your barrel. Hunting deer with a handgun is legal if the barrel length is at least 5 inches, using straight-walled cartridges of .357 caliber or higher. Ohio has different laws regarding firearms and hunting, consult your local authorities. In a logical world, the legal length for rifles and barrels would be the same. Unfortunately, government agencies do not operate in logical worlds. It`s a bit reminiscent of host Drew Carey`s introduction to Whose Line Is it Anyway? in which he says: “Everything is invented and the dots don`t matter!” However, Ohio courts regularly turn to general definitions of use and use them in the absence of a legal definition. For example, the United States The coded definition of shotgun, which everyone quotes to argue that it is not a shotgun, would carry a lot of weight. The Ohio Supreme Court certainly upheld the convictions. According to article 9.68 of the O.
R.C., all of Ohio`s gun laws, with the exception of those restricting the discharge of firearms and certain zoning regulations, supersede all local ordinances. This restriction on municipalities was upheld by the Ohio Supreme Court in OFCC v. Clyde (2008) and City of Cleveland vs. State of Ohio (2010).  A person in Ohio has the constitutional right to bear arms under the United States Constitution and the Constitution of the State of Ohio. It is a right consistently upheld and respected by the State of Ohio, and it is the responsibility of the General Assembly to establish a set of fair, equitable, and uniform laws throughout Ohio when it oversees the possession, sale, or possession of a firearm or components necessary for the use of a firearm. This is the expectation of the heads of government of the state and their regulatory practices.  Welcome to the wonderful world of legal definitions as defined by the government! Through the National Firearms Act (NFA) of 1934, firearms that fall below certain barrel or total length requirements are called “short-barreled shotguns” (SBS) or “short-barreled shotguns” (SBR). When a firearm is considered an SBS or SBR, it is subject to stricter regulation than other types of firearms. A shotgun barrel must be at least 18 inches long, as described in the NFA. Shorter (seriously – a little bit shorter) than that and it`s considered SBS.
If this is the case and your shotgun barrel is less than 18 inches long, it is an SBS and must be registered as an NFA item to comply with the law. (M) “Explosive” means any chemical compound, mixture or device the primary or common purpose of which is to operate by explosion. “Explosives” includes all substances designated by the U.S. Department of Transportation in its regulations as Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 or 1.4 explosives and includes, but is not limited to, dynamite, black powder, pellet powder, explosives, explosives, explosives caps, electrical explosives caps, safety fuzes, fuses, squibs, cordeau fuzes, instant fuses, wicks and detonators. The term “explosive” does not include “fireworks” as defined in section 3743.01 of the revised Act or substances or materials that otherwise meet the definition of an explosive in this section and that are manufactured, sold, possessed, transported, stored or used in an activity described in section 3743.80 of the revised Act, provided that the activity is carried out in accordance with all applicable Acts. Rules and regulations, including, but not limited to, the provisions of section 3743.80 of the revised Act and the Fire Marshal`s Rules issued under section 3737.82 of the revised Act. A combination of federal and state gun control laws govern the purchase and use of firearms throughout the country. State gun control laws tend to be very different. Ohio`s gun control laws prohibit certain firearms, while limiting the purchase and possession of firearms by certain people. According to the GCA, if the total length of this weapon with the pistol grip and barrel installed is greater than 26″, then the barrel can legally be less than 18″. In the case of the 14″ Mossberg 590 Shockwave gun, the Raptor birdhead grip gives the weapon an overall length of 26.32″. That makes it a gun.
Although the BATF recognizes it as a “legal” shotgun; according to the revised Ohio Code, it does not meet the requirements. If it weren`t for the threat of hefty fines and/or jail time, these seemingly random quirks and decisions would actually be funny. But of course, it`s not funny, because there are actually different length requirements for SBRs and SBS. A shotgun is considered a short-barrelled shotgun if it has a barrel length of less than 18 inches. A rifle is considered a short-barreled rifle if it has a barrel length of less than 16 inches. Government bureaucrats love to cut hair, and barrel length measurements are no exception. Make sure you measure correctly, as any deviation can cause problems. Why are the length requirements for SBRs and SBSs different? That`s a good question. Unfortunately, there is not really a right answer.
Go back and re-read the first paragraph of this section. That`s about as good as a good answer. 2923.11 (F) of the Revised Ohio Code states: “(F) Sawed-off firearm means a shotgun the barrel of which is less than eighteen inches in length, or a rifle less than sixteen inches in length, or a shotgun or rifle less than twenty-six inches in length.” Emphasis added. Laws still prohibit hiding guns on Ohio college campuses, but allow open carrying. Colleges are now able to hire and appoint authorized individuals or groups who carry hidden firearms to manage campuses. Private daycares can further restrict the hidden carrying of firearms on school grounds by installing “No Guns” signs. Finally, this legislation allows active members of the armed forces to waive their concealed handgun licence if they can present valid military identification and documents attesting to their firearms training.  This is a 12.6-shot shotgun with a 14-inch barrel. It is the length of the barrel that raises all the questions.